Demographics of Angola

Angola has three main ethnic groups, each speaking a Bantu language: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, and Bakongo, 13%. Other groups include Chokwe (or Lunda), Ganguela, Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero, and Xindunga. In addition, mixed racial (European and Africa) people amount to about 2%, with a small (1%) population of whites, mainly ethnically Portuguese. Portuguese make up the largest non-Angolan population, with at least 30,000 (though many native-born Angolans can claim Portuguese nationality under Portuguese law). Portuguese is both the official and predominant language.

Population: 10,766,471 (July 2003 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 43.5% (male 2,363,829; female 2,317,610)
  • 15-64 years: 53.7% (male 2,941,999; female 2,842,923)
  • 65 years and over: 2.8% (male 134,330; female 165,780) (2003 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.97% (2003 est.)

Birth rate: 45.57 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate: 25.83 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Sex ratio:

  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2003 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
  • total: 193.82 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 180.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
  • male: 206.26 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:
  • total population: 36.96 years
  • male: 36.13 years
  • female: 37.83 years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.38 children born/woman (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.5% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 350,000 (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 24,000 (2001 est.)

Nationality:

  • noun: Angolan(s)
  • adjective: Angolan

Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)

Languages: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Literacy:

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 42%
  • male: 56%
  • female: 28% (1998 est.)

Reference

Much of the material in this article comes from the
CIA World Factbook 2003 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.

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