Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev (Андриян Григорьевич Николаев) born September 5 1929 (Shorshely) was a Soviet Cosmonaut who flew on two space flights, Vostok 3 and Soyuz 9. On both, he set new endurance records for the longest time a human being had remained in orbit. He also served as backup for the Vostok 2 and Soyuz 8 missions. He left the cosmonaut corps on January 26 1982.
On November 3 1963 he married Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly in space (see Vostok 6). They had one daughter, Elena Andrionova (now a doctor of medicine), before their marriage collapsed. However it took till 1982 until they were divorced.\n