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Styx (mythology)

In " title="Greek mythology">Greek mythology, Styx ("[river of] hate") is the name of a river which formed the boundary between earth and the underworld, " title="Hades">Hades. It circles Hades nine times. Styx and " title="Phlegethon">Phlegethon, " title="Acheron">Acheron and " title="Cocytus">Cocytus converge on the center of the Hades on a great marsh. Other important rivers of Hades are " title="Lethe">Lethe and " title="Eridanus">Eridanus.

Styx is guarded by " title="Phlegyas">Phlegyas, who passes the souls from one side to another of the river. In other versions, Phlegyas guards Phlegethon, another of the main rivers of Hades, but " title="Dante Alighieri">Dante put Phlegyas over the Stix.

The gods respected the Styx and swore binding oaths by it. " title="Zeus">Zeus swore to give " title="Alcmene">Alcmene whatever she wanted and was then obliged to follow through, resulting in her death. " title="Helios">Helios similarly promised " title="Phaeton">Phaeton whatever he desired, also resulting in his death. Gods that did not follow through on such an oath had to drink from the river, causing them to lose their voices for nine years.

Styx was primarily a feature in the afterworld of " title="Greek mythology">Greek mythology, but has been described as a feature present in the " title="Hell">hell of " title="Christianity">Christianity as well, notably in the " title="The Divine Comedy">Divine Comedy. The ferryman " title="Charon (mythology)">Charon is in modern times commonly believed to have transported the souls of the newly dead across this river into the underworld, though in actuality it was the river " title="Acheron">Acheron that Charon plied.

Styx is also the name of a primordial goddess who represented that river. She was a daughter of " title="Erebus">Erebus and " title="Nyx">Nyx. With " title="Pallas">Pallas, she was the mother of " title="Zelus">Zelus, " title="Nike (mythology)">Nike, " title="Cratos">Cratos and " title="Bia">Bia (and sometimes " title="Eos">Eos).