983 482 kmē
60 032 kmē
1 043 514 kmē
1 522 500|
|Time zone||UTC+9:30 (except during daylight saving time—UTC+10:30)|
|Highest point||Mt Woodroffe (1 435 m)|
|ISO 3166-2 code:||AU-SA|
The terrain consists largely of arid and semi-arid rangelands, with several low mountain ranges in which the most important mountains are the Mt Lofty-Flinders Ranges system which extends north about 800 kilometers from Cape Jervis to the northern end of Lake Torrens and salt lakes. Its principal industries and export are wheat, wine and wool. More than half the nations wines are produced here.
South Australia has boundaries with every other contiguous Australian state except the Australian Capital Territory. Western Australia lies (unsurprisingly) to its west; the Northern Territory - which was originally the Northern Territory of South Australia - lies (equally unsurprisingly) to its north. Its north eastern corner cuts a wedge into Queensland, while New South Wales and Victoria also lie to its east.
Its south coast is flanked by the Southern Ocean. South Australia's mean temperature range is 29°C in January and 15°C July. Daily temperatures in parts of the state in January can be up to 45°C.
The flag of South Australia was adopted on January 13, 1904; it is a British Blue Ensign faced with the state badge. The badge depicts a White-backed Magpie with wings outstretched on a yellow disc. The state badge is believed to have been designed by Robert Craig of the Adelaide School of Arts.