Richard Bedford Bennett
|Date of Birth:||July 3, 1870|
|Place of Birth:||Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick|
He was born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, Canada, and studied at Dalhousie University, graduating in 1893 with a law degree. Bennett spent time as a school teacher, principal, lawyer and businessman before entering local politics. He was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1911, was appointed Minister of Finance in 1926 and became Conservative leader in 1927.
He was elected Prime Minister of Canada in 1930, defeating William Lyon Mackenzie King, just when the worst depression of the century was hitting the country. Bennett tried to fight the depression by expanding trade within the British Empire, but his success was limited, and his impersonal style and reputation for wealth had alienated many struggling Canadians.
Following some of the policies of United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1935, Bennett changed tactics, introducing his "New Deal" of public spending and federal intervention in the economy, but his Conservative Party was swept from office in that year's election.
Richard Bennett retired to Britain in 1938 and was made Viscount Bennett. He died on June 26, 1947 at Mickleham, England, and is buried in St. Michael's Churchyard Cemetery, Mickleham, Surrey, England. He is the only former Prime Minister not buried in Canada.
|Prime Minister of Canada||Followed by: