Political divisions of the Republic of China

The Republic of China currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities:

Additionally, the ROC has not officially renounced sovereignty over Mainland China (including Tibet) and outer Mongolia, although in 1991 it stated that it does not challenge the PRC's right to rule those areas, and it has made some statements that can be interpreted as renouncing sovereignty over the Mainland, and most observers feel that the ruling Democratic Progressive Party would very much prefer to officially renounce such sovereignty.

This extremely ambigious situation results in large part because a formal renouncement of sovereignty over the Mainland could be taken as a declaration of Taiwan independence which would be unpopular among some circles on Taiwan and could likely bring about military action by the PRC. See Political status of Taiwan for more information.

Maps of China and the world published in Taiwan will sometimes show provincial boundaries as they were in 1949 which do not match the current administrative structure as decided by the Communist Party of China post-1949.

Table of contents
1 Structural hierarchy
2 Romanized names
3 Centrally-administered Municipalities
4 Counties
5 Provincially-administered municipalities
6 External Link

Structural hierarchy

Compare to Political divisions of China#Level

Romanized names

The romanization used for ROC placenames is Wade-Giles, except "Keelung" and "Quemoy", which are the more popular versions of romanization. "Chiayi" is a slightly modified form of the Wade-Giles version, "Chia-i". After Tongyong Pinyin was adopted by the current administration in 2002, most municipalities, provinces, and county-level entities retained Wade-Giles, with the aforementioned exceptions. In addition, "Yilan" is written in place of "Ilan".

Centrally-administered Municipalities

Romanization Chinese Wade-Giles Pinyin Pinyin with tones
Kaohsiung City 高雄市 Kao-hsiung Gaoxiong gao1 xiong2
Taipei City 台北市 Tai-pei Taibei tai2 bei3


In Taiwan Province:
Romanization Chinese Wade-Giles Pinyin Pinyin with toness
Chiayi County 嘉義縣 Chia-i  Jiayi jia1 yi4
Changhua County 彰化縣 Chang-hua  Zhanghua zhang1 hua4
Hsinchu County 新竹縣 Hsin-chu  Xinzhu xin1 zhu2
Hualien County 花蓮縣 Hua-lien  Hualian hua1 lian2
Ilan County 宜蘭縣 I-lan  Yilan yi2 lan2
Kaohsiung County 高雄縣 Kao-hsiung Gaoxiong gao1 xiong2
Miaoli County 苗栗縣 Miao-li  Miaoli miao2 li4
Nantou County 南投縣 Nan-tou  Nantou nan2 tou2
Penghu County (Pescadores) 澎湖縣 Peng-hu  Penghu peng2 hu2
Pingtung County 屏東縣 Ping-tung Pingdong ping2 dong1
Taichung County 台中縣 Tai-chung Taizhong tai2 zhong1
Tainan County 台南縣 Tai-nan Tainan tai2 nan2
Taipei County 台北縣 Tai-pei Taibei tai2 bei3
Taitung County 台東縣 Tai-tung Taidong tai2 dong1
Taoyuan County 桃園縣 Tao-yuan Taoyuan tao2 yuan2
Yunlin County 雲林縣 Yun-lin Yunlin yun2 lin2

In Fujian Province (Wade-Giles: Fuchien):
Romanization Chinese Wade-Giles Pinyin Pinyin with tones
Lienchiang County (Matsu) 連江縣 Lien-chiang Lianjiang lian2 jiang1
Kinmen County (Quemoy) 金門縣 Kin-men Jinmen jin1 men2

Provincially-administered municipalities

In Taiwan Province:
Romanization Chinese Wade-Giles Pinyin Pinyin with tones
Chiayi City 嘉義市 Chia-i  Jiayi jia1 yi4
Hsinchu City 新竹市 Hsin-chu  Xinzhu xin1 zhu2
Keelung City 基隆市 Chi-lung Jilong ji1 long2
Taichung City 台中市 Tai-chung Taizhong tai2 zhong1
Tainan City 台南市 Tai-nan Tainan tai2 nan2


External Link

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