Paul KrugerStephanus Johannes Paul Kruger (October 10, 1825 - July 14 1904), a.k.a. "Oom" (Uncle) Paul, was born in the Cape Colony into a family of Prussian descent. He was a prominent Boer resistance leader against British rule and became a became the first president of the Transvaal Republic on December 30, 1880. He was chosen as president four times, the last time in 1898.
On October 11, 1899, the second Boer war started. In October 1900, he left South Africa by the battleship De Gelderland, sent by the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina. His wife, Gezina Kruger, was very ill at that moment, and could not go with him. She died on July 20, 1901. Kruger went to Marseille and stayed for a while in The Netherlands, before moving to Clarens in Switzerland, where he died on July 14, 1904. He was buried on December 16, 1904 in the Church Street cemetery, Pretoria.