The Mongolic languages, together with Turkic and Tungusic, belong to the Altaic language family, which also includes Turkish. Its best-known member, Mongolian is the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia, with the majority of people speaking the Khalkha dialect. It is also spoken in some of the surrounding areas in provinces of China and the Russian Federation. Mongolian has been written in a variety of alphabets over the years. The official Mongolian alphabet was created in the 12th century, although it has undergone transformations and occasionally been supplanted by other scripts since then. Related languages include Kalmuck spoken near the Caspian Sea and Buriat of East Siberia, as well as a number of minor languages in China and the Moghol of Afghanistan.
See also: Languages of China