Lisbon

This article is about the capital city of Portugal. For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation).

Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital city of Portugal.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Demographics
3 Highlights
4 History
5 Economy
6 Miscellaneous

Geography

Lisbon is located in the west of the country, on the Atlantic coast at the point where the river Tagus (Portuguese Tejo) flows into the ocean. The city occupies an area of 84.6 km². The city comprises 53 freguesias.

Demographics

The population of the city is 564,657, according to the 2001 census. The population density is 6,606.9 inhabitants per km².

Highlights

The heart of the city is the Baixa or lower town, location of the São Jorge Castle and the Santa Maria Maior Cathedral. The oldest district of the city is Alfama, close to the Tejo.

Other monuments include:

  • Belém Tower
  • Jerónimos Monastery


Panoramic view of Lisbon from Miradouro da Santa Lucia with Mosteiro de São Vicente
on the left and St Michael's church in the Alfama on the far right. ()

History

Lisbon has been the capital of Portugal since 1260 and reached its peak of prosperity during the period of the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century.

On 26 January 1531 the city was hit by an earthquake which killed thousands.

On 1 November 1755 Lisbon was destroyed by another earthquake, the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, which killed 90,000 and destroyed eighty-five percent of the city [1]. Voltaire mentions the earthquake in his 1759 novel Candide, and Oliver Wendell Holmes (the elder) also mentions it in his 1857 poem, The Deacon's Masterpiece, or The Wonderful One-Hoss Shay.

Economy

Major industries in Lisbon include steel, textiles, chemicals, pottery, shipbuilding and fishing.

Miscellaneous

Expo '98 was held in Lisbon.

People born in Lisbon include:


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