League of Nations

The League of Nations was an international organization established on January 25, 1919 by part I of the Treaty of Versailles, founded with the intention of reducing armaments, settling disputes between countries and maintaining living conditions. This was largely motivated by the bloodshed during World War I. While the League failed to prevent World War II, it was successful in dealing with minor conflicts throughout the 1920s. The League held its first meeting on January 10, 1920 and on the same day ratified the Treaty of Versailles thus officially ending World War I. The first general assembly of the League was held in Geneva on November 15, 1920. The League formally dissolved itself on April 18, 1946 and transferred its mission to the United Nations.

Table of contents
1 Structure of the League
2 General Secretaries of the League
3 Reasons for perceiving the League as a failure
4 External Link

Structure of the League

The League had a Council, which began with four permanent members, United Kingdom, France, Italy and Japan and non-permanent members. It had an Assembly in which each member was represented. Both of these required unanimous votes for any action to be taken; the members were not always represented in Geneva. The League was also involved in many other agencies and the Permanent Court of International Justice which later became the International Court of Justice.

General Secretaries of the League

  • Sir James Eric Drummond (U.K.) 1920 - 1933
  • Joseph Avenol (France) 1933 - 1940
  • Seán Lester (Ireland) 1940 - 1946

Reasons for perceiving the League as a failure

See also: League of Nations mandate

External Link


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