For other meanings of "Harbin", see Harbin.
Harbin (Simplified: 哈尔滨, Traditional: 哈爾濱, pinyin: hā'ĕrbīn) is a sub-provincial city in north-east China and the capital of the Heilongjiang Province. It is located on the southern bank of Songhua River.
- City seat: Daoli District
- Population: 9,410,000 (2001)
- Area: 53775 kmē, 1637 kmē urban
- Geographic coordinates: 125°42′-130°10′ east, 44°04′-46°40′ N
- Mayor: Shi Zhongxin (石忠信): since 2002
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4 county-level cities:
Harbin was settled in 2200 BC (late Stone Age). It is formerly Pinkiang. Japanese troops occupied Harbin during World War II starting on February 4, 1932.
The eight 8 Harbin counties were originally in Songhuajiang Prefecture (松花江地区), and were incorporated into Harbin on August 11, 1999, making Harbin a prefecture-level city.