Grand Central Terminal

Grand Central Terminal (often still called Grand Central Station) is a train station in midtown Manhattan, New York, located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue. Presently it serves commuters commuting on the Metro North Railroad to Westchester County, New York, Putnam County, New York, Dutchess County, New York, Fairfield County, Connecticut, and New Haven County, Connecticut.

It is the largest train station in the world by number of platforms: 44, with 67 tracks along them. They are situated on two underground levels with 41 tracks on the upper level and 26 on the lower.

History

Three buildings serving essentially the same function have stood on this site.

Grand Central Depot

Grand Central Depot, completed in 1871, was designed to bring the trains of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, the Harlem River Railroad, and the New Haven Railroad together in one large station. The headhouse building containing passenger service areas and railroad offices was an "L" shape with a short leg running east-west on 42nd Street and a long leg running north-south on Vanderbilt Avenue. The train shed, north and east of the headhouse, had two innovations in U.S. practice: the platforms were elevated to the height of the cars and the roof was a balloon shed with a clear span over all of the tracks.

Grand Central Station

Between 1899 and 1900, the headhouse was essentially demolished (it was expanded from 3 to 6 stories and an entirely new facade put on it) but the train shed was kept. The tracks that had previous continued south of 42nd Street were removed and the train yard reconfigured in an effort to reduce congestion and turn-around time for trains. The reconstructed building was renamed Grand Central Station.

Grand Central Terminal

Between 1903 and 1913, the entire building was torn down in phases and replaced by the current Grand Central Terminal which was designed in the Beaux-Arts style by architects Warren & Wetmore and Root & Stem. This work was accompanied by the electrification of the three railroads using the station and the burial of the approach in the Park Avenue tunnel.

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See also: Pennsylvania Station

External link


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