# 40s BC

Centuries: 2nd century BC - **1st century BC** - 1st century

Decades: 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC - 50s BC - **40s BC** - 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s

Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC

**Events**

- Civil war in Roman Republic between Julius Caesar and forces of the Roman Senate ( 49 - 45 BC. The former emerges victorious and becomes Roman dictator for life.
- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator is assassinated by 23 members of a conspiracy against him. The most prominent among the later were Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. (March 15, 44 BC).

**Significant People**

- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator (lived 100 - 44 BC, term 46 - 44 BC).
- Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman politician ( 85 - 42 BC).
- Marcus Antonius, Roman politician and general ( 83 - 30 BC).
- Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt (lived 70/ 69 - 30 BC, reigned 51 - 30 BC).
- Gaius Iulius Caesar Octavianus, Roman politician and general (62 BC - 14 AD).
- Pharaoh Ptolemy XV Caesarion (lived 47 - 30 BC, reigned 44 - 30 BC).
- Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (died 42 BC).