Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s 1520s 1530s - 1540s - 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s 1590s
Years: 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 - 1542 - 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547
War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French.
November 25 - Battle of Solway Moss. An English army invades Scotland and defeats a Scottish army.
December 14 - Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland.
The first contact of Japan with the West when a Portuguese ship, blown off its course to China, landed in Japan.
December 7/December 8 - Princess Mary Stuart, later Queen Mary I of Scotland
Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, ruler of the Mughal Empire
February 13 - Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, executed for adultery
May 21 - Hernando de Soto, explorer
December 14 - King James V of Scotland.\n
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